C++ is multi paradigmatic programming language. It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup and other programmers in Bell Labs AT&T as expansion of the C language. C++ supports wider scale of paradigms, programming styles, among which belongs procedural programming, object-oriented programming and generic programming. It can’t be said, that it is only object-oriented language. It is one of the most spread programming languages.
The language was being created for the needs of system programming and built-in software with limited sources and for the needs of big systems.
The emphasis was placed on:
C++ is also useful in many other ways. Its main strengths are:
C++ is compiled language, which has available implementations on many platforms. Many suppliers offer C++ compilators. E. g. Free Software Foundation, Microsoft, Intel or IBM.
C++ is standardized by International organization for normalization – ISO. Newest standardized version was verified and released in December 2017 as ISO/IEC 14882:2017 by the ISO organization. Informally it is called C++17. Programming language C++ was originally standardized in 1998 as ISO/IEC 14882:1998. This version was then expanded by the standards of the versions C++03, C++11 a C++14. Current version C++17 overtook its predecessors because of its new features and expanded standard library. Another planned standardized version is C++20. Before the standardization in 1998, the C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup and Bell Labs from 1979.
The original intention was to develop language as expansion of language C and that way creating effective and flexible language, which would have been similar to C and which would have been able to provide advanced features simultaneously.
Many other programming languages have inspired by the C++ language, including C#, D, Java or new versions of C.
During its development, the C++ language was built-up on these principles: